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Oil & Gas

Midstream Oil and Gas

Filtration and separation solutions for gas transmission, gas processing and LNG production.

Minimize Downtime

Separation of oil, gas and water and the removal of solid contaminants is essential prior to pipeline transportation.

Midstream transportation and processing of hydrocarbons from production location to refining facilities requires the collaboration of multiple complex processes that rely on a variety of fluid filtration processes for reliable operation. 

 

While it is crucial to separate and filter produced oil, gas, and water to preserve pipelines and downstream equipment, other fluids such as lubricants and solvents are equally important for the reliability and efficiency of the fluid transfer and processing operations. Our advanced filtration solutions for midstream operations effectively and reliably separate and filter produced fluids, solvents and lubricants to minimize maintenance downtime, lower operating costs, extend the life of capital equipment and improve business performance.

 

Our advanced filtration solutions for midstream operations effectively and reliably separate and filter produced fluids, solvents and lubricants to minimize maintenance downtime.

Acid Gas Sweetening

Prior to the liquefaction process, it is paramount that natural gas be rid of solid particulates and quality degrading acid gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Amine Solvents are typically utilized to remove these gases in an amine treating loop where the amine is continuously recycled in the sweetening process for reuse. An optimized filtration system to remove contaminants from multiple stages of this process is essential to maintain amine sweetening reuse efficiency and ensurethe quality of the outlet natural gas stream.
Prior to the liquefaction process, it is paramount that natural gas be rid of solid particulates and quality degrading acid gases such as carbon dioxide and hydrogen sulfide. Amine Solvents are typically utilized to remove these gases in an amine treating loop where the amine is continuously recycled in the sweetening process for reuse. An optimized filtration system to remove contaminants from multiple stages of this process is essential to maintain amine sweetening reuse efficiency and ensurethe quality of the outlet natural gas stream.
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Condensate Stabilization/Fractionation

Removal of solids, free water and brine from hydrocarbon condensates is required to stop fouling and corrosion of stabilizer and fractionator columns and ensure productivity and reliability are maintained. Ultipleat® High Flow filters, Profile® Coreless filters and Marksman™ filters provide prefiltration prior to liquid/liquid coalescing to ensure long life of coalescers and eliminate particulate fouling of the stabilizer columns.
Removal of solids, free water and brine from hydrocarbon condensates is required to stop fouling and corrosion of stabilizer and fractionator columns and ensure productivity and reliability are maintained. Ultipleat® High Flow filters, Profile® Coreless filters and Marksman™ filters provide prefiltration prior to liquid/liquid coalescing to ensure long life of coalescers and eliminate particulate fouling of the stabilizer columns.
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Midstream Black Powder

Pall’s Profile Coreless filters are well suited for gas filtration. Due to their depth and graded pore construction, these filters can remove very fine particles while providing a long service life. For higher solids loading requirements, the addition of upstream cyclonic separation results in the Cyclo-Filter System, offering high efficiency black powder removal and long filter service life. Other element styles including pleated cartridges also offer excellent efficiency and service life.
Pall’s Profile Coreless filters are well suited for gas filtration. Due to their depth and graded pore construction, these filters can remove very fine particles while providing a long service life. For higher solids loading requirements, the addition of upstream cyclonic separation results in the Cyclo-Filter System, offering high efficiency black powder removal and long filter service life. Other element styles including pleated cartridges also offer excellent efficiency and service life.
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Condensate Pipeline Dewatering

Gas Pipeline compressor stations are located along natural gas transmission lines to increase pipeline pressure and flow rates of natural gas. These compressor stations are essential to ensuring the sustained flow of natural gas is maintained and the end destination is reached efficiently.
Gas Pipeline compressor stations are located along natural gas transmission lines to increase pipeline pressure and flow rates of natural gas. These compressor stations are essential to ensuring the sustained flow of natural gas is maintained and the end destination is reached efficiently.
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Glycol Dehydration

Natural gas often contains water and contaminants which must be removed to meet quality standards and prevent equipment failures. Two of the most common challenges to this process are glycol foaming and fouling within the dehydration unit.
Natural gas often contains water and contaminants which must be removed to meet quality standards and prevent equipment failures. Two of the most common challenges to this process are glycol foaming and fouling within the dehydration unit.
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Mercury Removal Unit (MRU)

In concentrations from <10 ppb to >1 ppm, mercury is present in many natural gas fields. Mercury is an identified health hazard that can also poison catalysts used in downstream process units, and can damage downstream equipment. Because the presence of mercury has resulted in equipment failures, unscheduled shutdowns, and even fires, removal of mercury to non-detectable levels is crucial. Production-proven liquid/gas coalescers protect mercury removal units (MRUs) by removing liquid and solid contaminants that otherwise contaminate the adsorbent bed, enabling continuous mercury removal to non-detectable levels. Dry gas filters downstream of the MRU removes adsorbent fines to avoid contamination of downstream processes, equipment and product.
In concentrations from <10 ppb to >1 ppm, mercury is present in many natural gas fields. Mercury is an identified health hazard that can also poison catalysts used in downstream process units, and can damage downstream equipment. Because the presence of mercury has resulted in equipment failures, unscheduled shutdowns, and even fires, removal of mercury to non-detectable levels is crucial. Production-proven liquid/gas coalescers protect mercury removal units (MRUs) by removing liquid and solid contaminants that otherwise contaminate the adsorbent bed, enabling continuous mercury removal to non-detectable levels. Dry gas filters downstream of the MRU removes adsorbent fines to avoid contamination of downstream processes, equipment and product.
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Adsorbent Dehydration

To maintain their effectiveness, desiccants must be protected from free water and liquid hydrocarbon contamination to achieve their anticipated 3 to 5 year life. Free water causes long term fracturing and dusting of the desiccant granules, while hydrocarbons burn onto the granules during regeneration, progressively reducing moisture removal capability.
To maintain their effectiveness, desiccants must be protected from free water and liquid hydrocarbon contamination to achieve their anticipated 3 to 5 year life. Free water causes long term fracturing and dusting of the desiccant granules, while hydrocarbons burn onto the granules during regeneration, progressively reducing moisture removal capability.
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Liquid / Gas Separation Technology

Effective removal of these contaminants can prevent costly problems and downtime with downstream equipment like compressors, turbines, and burners. In addition, hydrocarbons and solid contaminants can induce foaming in an amine contactor tower and can contribute to premature catalyst changeouts in catalytic processes.
Effective removal of these contaminants can prevent costly problems and downtime with downstream equipment like compressors, turbines, and burners. In addition, hydrocarbons and solid contaminants can induce foaming in an amine contactor tower and can contribute to premature catalyst changeouts in catalytic processes.
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extending the life of capital equipment and improving efficiency

Streamlined operations and improved business performance.

In order to maintain efficient hydrocarbon processing and transportation operations, efficient filtration and separation is critical for the produced fluids as well as a variety of ancillary fluid systems.  Midstream oil and gas operations rely on effective and reliable fluid separation systems.  Separating produced water from liquid hydrocarbons and reservoir gases is essential to preserving pipeline integrity as well as preserving the life of equipment further downstream.  Pall’s advanced separation and filtration technologies deliver premium filtration performance with unmatched reliability and reduced maintenance frequency for a truly streamlined operation.

 

Beyond the initial separation and filtration of produced fluids, further filtration is required downstream to purify fluid streams even further.  This is necessary to preserve the life of compressors and other downstream equipment that are negatively affected by contaminated fluid streams.  Pall’s industry leading coalescers deliver premium gas/liquid and liquid/liquid separation with unmatched reliability to increase process efficiency.  Furthermore, filtration of supporting fluid systems such as compressor lubricants and solvent recycle systems are necessary to minimize equipment downtime, extend the life of capital equipment, and improve the efficiency of other processing operations.

 

The reliability of midstream oil and gas processes is paramount to keeping both upstream production and downstream refining facilities online.  Failure to effectively separate and filter produced fluids as well as supporting fluid systems throughout the transportation and processing operations can result in lengthy and costly downtime that can escalate and negatively affect the production and refining processes as well.  As the global leading in advanced filtration technologies, Pall Corporation delivers proven and complete filtration solutions for all aspects of midstream oil and gas operations.

 

Initial fluid separation and filtration is a critical first step in the midstream process.  Presence of solid particulates in the pipeline negatively impact the life of the pipeline, compressor stations, and process equipment further downstream.  Pall particulate filters and coalescers operate with unmatched effectiveness and reliability to separate fluids as well as remove solid contaminants from produced fluids.  Also supporting the compressor stations necessary to maintain pipeline pressure, Pall filtration solutions filter and separate pipeline fluids as well as compressor lubricant systems to improve efficiency and extend the life of costly capital equipment.

 

Dehydration and removal of acid gases are also critical in midstream processing operations.  These processes rely on solvents such as amines and glycol to remove water and hydrogen sulfide from produced gas that can corrode pipelines and downstream process equipment as well as present substantial safety risks to personnel.  Effective and reliable filtration of these solvents recycle systems is paramount to the efficient removal of water and hydrogen sulfide from gas streams.  Pall’s innovative filtration solutions deliver enhanced filtration performance to purify solvent recycle processes to optimize dehydration and acid gas removal process for an improved gas purification process.

 

Pall’s advanced filtration technology throughout the midstream oil and gas processes deliver a complete filtration solution that enhances filtration performance, increases process reliability, reduces maintenance frequency and downtime, and lowers operating costs for significantly improves business performance.

 

To learn more about Pall’s advanced and innovative filtration solutions for midstream oil and gas processing and transportation, contact us today.

 

Unmatched Reliablilty

Pall’s industry leading coalescers deliver premium gas/liquid and liquid/liquid separation with unmatched reliability to increase process efficiency.

Let’s find the right solution, together.

Let’s connect. We want to share our innovative filtration solutions with you today. Contact our knowledgeable subject matter experts for information on how we can help. Thank you and we look forward to assisting you shortly.

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